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澳大利亚兰顿分级

分级排名,是最直观了解一个地区优质葡萄酒的榜单。

在旧世界,最知名的分级排名莫过于’Grand Cru Classe en 1855’ 波尔多1855分级。但,160年的世事变迁,其中战火、酒庄易手等影响,除一级庄保持较稳定的品质和价格外,二至五级每个酒庄的质量和价格都有变化。某些三级、五级酒庄直逼一级庄的口碑与价格。除了1855的分级系统以外,波尔多地区还有Graves格拉夫、 Saint-Emilion圣埃美隆以及Cru Bourgeois中级名庄的分级系统。以现今的情况来说,这些排名的实际功能相当有限,维护的不过是既得利益。因此更改分级的意愿并不明显。最有代表性的故事莫过于圣爱美隆官方2006年分级的纷争。

那么在新世界呢?讲到新世界的葡萄酒分级系统,不得不提到兰顿分级。在八十年代早期的澳洲葡萄酒市场上,那种可供葡萄酒收藏者收藏的精品澳洲葡萄酒品牌其实并不多见。1991年兰顿拍卖行首次推出“兰顿澳洲葡萄酒分级(Langton’s Classification)”系统。评选基于澳洲本地的精品酒款在二级市场,即酒类拍卖和收藏市场的的历史记录。在经历了25年的不断发展和变革之后,2015年兰顿分级公布到第六版,共有139款精品澳洲葡萄酒列入了这份名单。

第六版的兰顿分级(Langton's Classification)简化为3个级别

兰顿澳洲葡萄酒分级(Langton’s Classification)充分表现了在风格上和消费者偏好上的一系列变化。与1855年的波尔多分级制度是不同的,兰顿分级中的酒单并不是一成不变的,而是根据市场的变化定期做相应调整的。一些不符合市场潮流的酒款会被淘汰出局,同时又有那些被市场所青睐的新的酒款不断涌入。

要成为Lanton’s分级的入围酒,至少满足三个条件,而这三个条件也把一些优质的酒款排除在外:首先,酒款至少要已经酿造了十个年份。因此对于澳洲的新贵酒庄,比如2000年前后酒界新锐们大手笔投入的酒庄,无论品质如何优秀,也还是要有足够的耐心,保持稳定的品质和知名度,才能有朝一日进入兰顿分级。第二,酒款必须要在二级市场,也就是拍卖市场有相应的需求和交易记录。因此对于产量极低或特别稀罕的酒款,或阴差阳错各种原因没有在拍卖收藏市场有足够的流通量的,必然与兰顿分级失之交臂。第三,必须有年份,某些雪莉风格或Rutherglen陈年麝香甜酒的加强型葡萄酒和混合年份起泡酒无法参与评选。然后,考虑到消费者的爱好以及酒款的品质随时间而变化,分级排名每5年复审更新一次,确保表单能代表最优质的澳洲葡萄酒。

也是因为这一个表单,将澳洲的最早34个,现在139个酒款带给全球的爱好者和收藏家。即便无法每款都一亲芳泽,将表单细细浏览,不时还能品尝到其中一二,也算是聊表安慰了。对于喜欢澳洲葡萄酒的爱好者来说,不得不说这一分级相当于一本难得的可以值得信赖的澳洲精品酒指南。

在此附上兰顿第六版分级名单:
Langton’s Classification VI

一部分入选兰顿分级最高级至尊级Exceptional的佳酿

一部分入选兰顿分级最高级至尊级Exceptional的佳酿

Exceptional 至尊级(21款)

PENFOLDS Bin 95 Grange Shiraz, South Australia
BASS PHILLIP Reserve Pinot Noir, Gippsland
BROKENWOOD WINES Graveyard Vineyard Shiraz, Hunter Valley
CHRIS RINGLAND Shiraz, Barossa
CLARENDON HILLS Astralis Syrah, McLaren Vale
CLONAKILLA Shiraz/Viognier, Canberra District
CULLEN Diana Madeline Cabernet/Merlot, Margaret River
GIACONDA Chardonnay, Beechworth
GROSSET Polish Hill Riesling, Clare Valley
HENSCHKE Hill of Grace Shiraz, Eden Valley
HENSCHKE Mount Edelstone Shiraz, Eden Valley
JIM BARRY The Armagh Shiraz, Clare Valley
LEEUWIN ESTATE Art Series Chardonnay, Margaret River
MOSS WOOD Cabernet Sauvignon, Margaret River
MOUNT MARY Quintet Cabernet Blend, Yarra Valley
PENFOLDS Bin 707 Cabernet Sauvignon, South Australia
ROCKFORD Basket Press Shiraz, Barossa Valley
SEPPELTSFIELD 100 Year Old Para Vintage Tawny, Barossa Valley
TORBRECK Run Rig Shiraz, Barossa Valley
WENDOUREE Shiraz, Clare Valley
WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE John Riddoch, Coonawarra

Outstanding 卓越级(52款)

BALNAVES OF COONAWARRA The Tally Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra
BANNOCKBURN Serre Pinot Noir, Geelong
BAROSSA VALLEY ESTATE E & E Black Pepper Shiraz, Barossa Valley
BASS PHILLIP Premium Pinot Noir, South Gippsland
BEST’S Thomson Family Great Western Shiraz, Grampians
BINDI Block 5 Pinot Noir, Macedon Ranges
BINDI Original Vineyard Pinot Noir, Macedon Ranges
CAPE MENTELLE Cabernet Sauvignon, Margaret River
CHAMBERS ROSEWOOD WINERY Rare Muscat, Rutherglen
CHAMBERS ROSEWOOD WINERY Rare Topaque, Rutherglen
CRAWFORD RIVER WINES Riesling, Henty
D’ARENBERG The Dead Arm Shiraz, McLaren Vale
DALWHINNIE Eagle Shiraz, Pyrenees
DE BORTOLI Noble One, Riverina
DOMAINE A Cabernet Sauvignon, Coal River Valley Tasmania
GLAETZER WINES Amon Ra Shiraz, Barossa Valley
GRANT BURGE Meshach Shiraz, Barossa Valley
GREENOCK CREEK Roennfeldt Road Shiraz, Barossa Valley
GREENOCK CREEK Roennfeldt Road Cabernet Sauvignon, Barossa Valley GROSSET Springvale Riesling, Clare Valley
HENSCHKE Cyril Henschke Cabernet Sauvignon, Eden Valley
HOUGHTON Jack Mann Cabernet Blend, Frankland River
JASPER HILL Emily’s Paddock Shiraz/Cabernet Franc, Heathcote
JASPER HILL Georgia’s Paddock Shiraz, Heathcote
KAESLER WINES Old Bastard Shiraz, Barossa Valley
KATNOOK ESTATE Odyssey Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra
KAY BROTHERS AMERY VINEYARDS Block 6 Old Vine Shiraz, McLaren Vale MAIN RIDGE ESTATE Half Acre Pinot Noir, Mornington Peninsula
MAJELLA The Malleea Cabernet/Shiraz, Coonawarra
MCWILLIAM’S Mount Pleasant Lovedale Semillon, Hunter Valley
MOUNT MARY Pinot Noir, Yarra Valley
NOON WINERY Reserve Shiraz, Langhorne Creek
NOON WINERY Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon, Langhorne Creek
PARINGA ESTATE The Paringa Pinot Noir, Mornington Peninsula
PENFOLDS Bin 389 Cabernet/Shiraz, South Australia
PENFOLDS RWT Shiraz, Barossa
PENFOLDS St Henri Shiraz, South Australia
PENFOLDS Yattarna Chardonnay, South Eastern Australia
PETER LEHMANN Stonewell Shiraz, Barossa Valley
PIERRO Chardonnay, Margaret River
ROCKFORD Sparkling Black Shiraz, Barossa Valley
SEPPELT St Peters Great Western Vineyards Shiraz, Grampians
TAHBILK 1860 Vines Shiraz, Nagambie Lakes
TYRRELL’S Vat 1 Semillon, Hunter Valley
VASSE FELIX Heytesbury Cabernet Blend, Margaret River
WENDOUREE Cabernet Sauvignon, Clare Valley
WENDOUREE Cabernet/Malbec, Clare Valley
WENDOUREE Shiraz/Malbec, Clare Valley
WENDOUREE Shiraz/Mataro, Clare Valley
WOODLANDS (FAMILY SERIES) Cabernet Sauvignon, Margaret River
WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE Michael Shiraz, Coonawarra
WOLF BLASS Platinum Shiraz, South Australia
YALUMBA The Octavius Old Vine Shiraz, Barossa

Excellent 优秀级(65款)

BEST’S Bin O Great Western Shiraz, Grampians
BOWEN ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra
BY FARR Sangreal Pinot Noir, Geelong
CASTAGNA Genesis Syrah, Beechworth
CHARLES MELTON Nine Popes Shiraz/Grenache/Mourvèdre, Barossa Valley COLDSTREAM HILLS Reserve Pinot Noir, Yarra Valley
CORIOLE Lloyd Reserve Shiraz, McLaren Vale
CRAIGLEE Shiraz, Sunbury
DALWHINNIE Moonambel Shiraz, Pyrenees
D’ARENBERG WINES The Coppermine Road Cabernet Sauvignon, McLaren Vale
ELDERTON Command Shiraz, Barossa Valley
FOX CREEK Reserve Shiraz, McLaren Vale
FREYCINET VINEYARDS Pinot Noir, Eastern Tasmania
GIACONDA Warner Vineyard Shiraz, Beechworth
GROSSET Gaia Cabernet/Cabernet Franc/Merlot, Clare Valley
HARDYS Eileen Hardy Shiraz, South Australia
HENSCHKE Keyneton Estate Euphonium Shiraz/Cabernet/Merlot, Barossa
HOWARD PARK Abercrombie, Cabernet, Margaret River-Great Southern
JACOB’S CREEK ORLANDO St Hugo Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra
JOHN DUVAL WINES Plexus Grenache Shiraz/Mourvèdre, Barossa Valley
KALLESKE Johann Georg Old Vine Shiraz, Barossa Valley
KATNOOK ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra
KATNOOK ESTATE Prodigy Shiraz, Coonawarra
KILIKANOON WINES Oracle Shiraz, Clare Valley
LANGMEIL WINERY The Freedom Shiraz, Barossa Valley
LAKE’S FOLLY White Label Cabernet Blend, Hunter Valley
LAKE’S FOLLY Yellow Label Chardonnay, Hunter Valley
LEEUWIN ESTATE Art Series Cabernet Sauvignon, Margaret River
LEO BURING Leonay Riesling, Eden/Clare Valley
LINDEMANS Limestone Ridge Vineyard Shiraz/Cabernet, Coonawarra
MAJELLA Cabernet, Coonawarra
MCWILLIAM’S Mount Pleasant Maurice O’Shea Shiraz, Hunter Valley
MOUNT LANGI GHIRAN Langi Shiraz, Grampians
MOUNT MARY Chardonnay, Yarra Valley
NOON WINERY Eclipse Blend Grenache/Shiraz, McLaren Vale
PARINGA ESTATE The Paringa Shiraz, Mornington Peninsula
PARKER COONAWARRA ESTATE Terra Rossa First Growth Cabernet/Merlot, Coonawarra
PENFOLDS Bin 128 Shiraz, Coonawarra
PENFOLDS Bin 28 Shiraz, South Australia
PENFOLDS Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon, South Australia
PENFOLDS Magill Estate Shiraz, Adelaide
PETALUMA Coonawarra Cabernet/Merlot, Coonawarra
PETALUMA Hanlin Hill Riesling, Clare Valley
PEWSEY VALE The Contours Riesling, Eden Valley
PRIMO ESTATE Joseph Moda Cabernet/Merlot, McLaren Vale
ROLF BINDER Veritas Hanisch Shiraz, Barossa Valley
SALLY’S PADDOCK Cabernet/Shiraz/Cabernet Franc/Merlot, Pyrenees
SEPPELTSFIELD Para Liqueur Port, Barossa Valley
SAVATERRE Chardonnay, Beechworth
ST HALLETT Old Block Shiraz, Barossa
TIM ADAMS The Aberfeldy Shiraz, Clare Valley
TORBRECK Descendant Shiraz/Viognier, Barossa Valley
TURKEY FLAT Shiraz, Barossa Valley
TYRRELL’S Vat 47 Chardonnay, Hunter Valley
VASSE FELIX Cabernet Sauvignon, Margaret River
VOYAGER ESTATE Cabernet/Merlot, Margaret River
WANTIRNA ESTATE Amelia Cabernet/Merlot, Yarra Valley
WILD DUCK CREEK ESTATE Springflat Shiraz, Heathcote
WIRRA WIRRA RSW Shiraz, McLaren Vale
WOLF BLASS Black Label Cabernet/Shiraz, South Australia
WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon, Coonawarra
YALUMBA The Signature Cabernet/Shiraz, Barossa
YARRA YARRA VINEYARD The Yarra Yarra Cabernet Sauvignon, Yarra Valley YARRA YERING Dry Red Wine No.1 Cabernet, Yarra Valley
YERINGBERG Cabernet Blend, Yarra Valley

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